Lost & Found
Late last fall, Charlotte-area dance enthusiasts experienced a performance at Robinson Hall that featured the work of internationally renowned choreographer Paul Taylor.
As audience members thrilled to the rebirth of the all but lost Taylor work “Tracer,” performed by the New York City-based Taylor 2 Dance Company, it’s unlikely many at the sold-out performance realized they were seeing the results of an extensive faculty research project.
Kim Jones certainly did. The College of Arts + Architecture associate professor of dance watched from the wings with a sense of deep satisfaction and accomplishment.
The reemergence of “Tracer” capped an 18-month reconstruction project led by Jones and represents an extraordinary collaboration among UNC Charlotte, Paul Taylor American Modern Dance and community partners in Charlotte.
Leading the movement of postmodern choreographers, Taylor’s work during the early ’60s demonstrated a creative intensity said by Dance Magazine in 1963 to have “a direct kinesthetic impact, lifting the spectator to a state resembling a luminous cloud.” Taylor is one of the few remaining third-generation American modern dance masters and considered a seminal artist of his generation.
In 2015, Jones was approached by Taylor’s company to reconstruct “Tracer.” Created in 1962 with sets and costumes by artist Robert Rauschenberg, the work was last performed in 1964 and thought lost to the company with no recorded footage or accessible notes. Taylor tapped Jones after her successful re-imagination and choreography of the lost 1935 Martha Graham solo work, “Imperial Gesture.” This was the first time Taylor authorized an externally led reconstruction of his work.
Jones’ sleuthing began with a semester long research sabbatical where she spent weeks combing archives for clues at the Jerome Robbins Dance Division of the New York Public Library. Jones studied critical reviews, costume design, staging, music and still images and conducted dancer interviews as part of her efforts. Her most significant discoveries, however, were made in Taylor’s own archives.
“I found several reviews, the original Robert Rauschenberg costumes, six handwritten pages of Paul’s detailed notes, and most amazingly, a reel of the original James Tenney score in the Taylor archives,” Jones said. “The reel was given to a sound engineer who was able to extract and enhance a recording with excellent quality.”
Taylor 2 Residency on Campus
Jones worked directly with Taylor’s second company, Taylor 2, in New York. She subsequently fine-tuned the dance with the troupe during its three-week residency at UNC Charlotte. As part of the residency, the dancers and rehearsal director also worked directly with students, conducted master classes and held two public performances.
“The project had a great impact on our students,” Jones said. “They were able to engage directly with professional artists in the studio, working on the nuances of style and rigor it takes to do the reconstruction and fine-tune details of the dance.”
Jones developed two specific curriculum components for student learning as part of the project.
“Our ‘Performance Practicum’ is a course where students learn choreography,” she said. “Students perform the choreographic works in our biannual dance concert and learn what is behind producing a great show. With the ‘Tracer’ project, they got the chance to work with the Taylor 2 dancers and experience what’s involved in staging work at this level.”
Jones also collaborated with her former professor at Florida State University, Tim Glenn, on a “Dance Documentation” course specifically developed to take advantage of the detailed research involved in the reconstructive process. The coursework focused on students learning techniques and processes to document dance reconstruction, ranging from interviewing artists to editing raw video footage.
So significant was the research opportunity, the reconstruction/residency project was awarded a 2016 Art Works grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. The project also received an Arts & Science Council grant and a residency sponsorship from the Wells Fargo Foundation.
“The project fulfills three mandates of the University,” said Ann Dils, professor and chair of the Department of Dance at UNC Charlotte. “The project is a distinct and unique research opportunity; it creates unique curriculum to benefit students; and it addresses our responsibility to build community partnerships.”
Partnering with the Community
In bringing Taylor’s troupe to Charlotte, the University also facilitated opportunities for interaction with community partners. In April, Central Piedmont Community College and Charlotte Ballet are teaming up to bring the Paul Taylor Dance Company (main troupe) to Charlotte for the first time in 15 years.
The company will perform as part of the Sensoria Festival of the Arts, with a program that features “The Rite of Spring,” performed to live music, using the four-hand piano arrangement of composer Igor Stravinsky’s original orchestration.
Later this year, UNC Charlotte students will take “Tracer” into area middle and high schools, reaching out to local youth and demonstrating the beauty of arts education.
For Paul Taylor American Modern Dance, the “Tracer” project has been a resounding success. “It is incredibly important to the art form that we not lose our past,” said John Tomlinson, executive director of the Paul Taylor Dance Company. “We started a repertory preservation project in 1992, and this project fits nicely with our ongoing efforts.”
“Tracer” is part of the Taylor 2 repertory and has already been performed for audiences in Providence, R.I., and New York City.
“This project is important in many ways,” Jones said. “It is important to expose the American history of modern dance. It’s exciting to go behind the works done in the 20th century and explore how we respond to it. I’m incredibly proud to be a part of that.”